Computer-Based Reading Texts to Support Fourth Graders’ Reading Comprehension

Keywords: Reading Comprehension, Elementary Education, Fourth Graders, Computer-Based Reading, Animated Visuals

Abstract

In an experimental research design, elementary school fourth grade students (n = 60) were randomly assigned to either computer-based reading or traditional reading conditions in this study. The groups completed before-reading, during-reading and after-reading activities on computer or in traditional format, respectively. The computer-based reading texts included static and animated visuals and background sounds. Students in each group completed a pretest, four reading texts and a posttest over a six-week period: the pretest in the first week, the four texts in the following four weeks, and the posttest in the sixth week. The results showed that although no significant difference was found between group’s pretest scores, computer-based group has significantly better posttest scores than the traditional group. Additionally, the fourth graders in the computer-based reading group significantly improved their reading comprehension. However, there was no significant difference between students’ reading comprehension results from pretest to posttest in traditional group. As a result, presenting students multimedia supported reading activities has a positive impact on their reading comprehension. Thus, we recommend teachers use individual and visually-supported computer-based reading texts to improve students’ reading comprehension.

Author Biographies

Meral Gözüküçük, Kafkas University, Turkey

is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Education at Kafkas University in Turkey. She completed her PhD in Elementary Education at Pamukkale University in Turkey. Her research interests include literacy, bilingual education, primary reading and writing, and Turkish language education.

Nilgün Günbaş, Kafkas University, Turkey

is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Education at Kafkas University in Turkey. She completed her Ed.D. in Instructional Technology and Media program at Columbia University, Teachers College. Her research interests include computer-based learning, multimedia learning, educational video games, teacher education, and computer-programming to improve learning.

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Published
2020-12-21
How to Cite
Gözüküçük, M., & Günbaş, N. (2020). Computer-Based Reading Texts to Support Fourth Graders’ Reading Comprehension. GIST – Education and Learning Research Journal, 21, 47-68. https://doi.org/10.26817/16925777.820
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